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First aid for bleeding

The following advice shows the treatment for severe bleeding

1. If there is an object embedded in the wound, control bleeding by pressing firmly on either side of the object, do not remove or press the object, otherwise apply direct pressure to the wound.

Apply direct pressure

2. Apply a dressing firmly to control bleeding. Be careful it is not so tight it restricts circulation.

3. Prevent/treat shock by lying the casualty down with their feet raised (if possible).

4. If the casualty has a head injury, lay them down and slightly raise their head and shoulders (unless you suspect spinal trauma, in which case keep them still).

 

Apply a dressing

5. If blood comes through the dressing apply another on top.

6. If blood seeps through this too, remove both dressings and re-apply a new sterile dressing using direct pressure to the wound.

7. Support the injured area in a raised position.

8. Seek medical attention if you are unable to stop the bleeding or the casualty goes into shock.

9. Keep the casualty warm by lying them on a blanket or some other item.

St John Wales first aid app

Free first aid app

Knowing what to do in the vital few minutes of an emergency is critical.

The official St John Wales app contains simple step-by-step advice on dealing with injuries such as severe bleeding, burns, scalds and choking, while also giving advice on how to give CPR and other treatments.

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When Tim Ravenhill got to his desk at BT in Cardiff, he thought it was going to be a normal day at the office. He didn’t expect to need first aid, but a medical emergency can happen anywhere

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Free pocket first aid guide

Free pocket first aid guide

Your free guide includes first aid advice for choking, severe bleeding, fractures and unconscious casualties.

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St John Cymru Wales
Priory House,
Beignon Close,
Ocean Way,
Cardiff
CF24 5PB

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